Sports and the Search for Fairness

Cheating evolves constantly. Many athletes have been banned from the Olympics and other major events for taking banned substances. Gene doping is on the horizon. Questions have arisen about which athletes count as “female.” This set of essays in the Hastings Center Report asks: What does it take to keep sports fair? And what does fairness require? To order the essays, please contact John Wiley & Sons customer support at 800-835-6770 or


Table of Contents


Making Sense of Fairness in Sports

Thomas H. Murray

Scenes from the Front Lines

Jan Todd and Terry Todd

The Biological Passport

Susan Gilbert

How Close Are We to Gene Doping?

Theodore Friedmann

Sex Typing for Sport

Alice Dreger