Children’s Bodies, Parents’ Choices

More children than ever are undergoing medical interventions for nonmedical reasons. As parents consent to an increasing variety of procedures, the ethical and legal debate grows louder. These essays visit the frontiers, asking what justifies changing a child’s physical nature and whether appeals to nature should influence decision-making. To order essays, please contact John Wiley & Sons customer support at 800-835-6770 or


Table of Contents


Children’s Bodies, Parents’ Choices

Susan Gilbert

Eyes Wide Open: Surgery to Westernize the Eyes of an Asian Child

Alicia Ouelette

Cosmetic Surgery in Children with Cognitive Disabilities

Douglas J. Opel and Benjamin S. Wilfond

Respecting Children with Disabilities — and Their Parents

Erik Parens

“It’s Against Nature”

Gregory E. Kaebnick

Gender Identity Disorder in Childhood: Inconclusive Advice to Parents

Alice Dreger