patient signing an informed consent in a doctors office

Ethics & Human Research

What Is “Key Information”? Consideration of the Reasons People Do or Do Not Take Part in Research

ABSTRACT We performed a qualitative review of 50 consent forms posted on, examining the content of key information sections. We found that key information disclosures are typically focused on procedures, risks, potential benefits, and alternatives. Drawing upon reviews of the large literature examining the reasons people do or do not take part in research, we propose that these disclosures should be based more directly on what we know to be the real reasons why people choose to take part or refuse participation. We propose key information language for consideration by researchers and institutional review boards.

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